The hand function evaluation is an important rehabilitation assessment for stroke patients. Currently, the evaluation relies subjectively on physicians who make judgments on given actions done by the patients. Inconsistent results can be yielded clinically. Many inertial sensing elements are designed to collect the motion. If such an application can collect data effectively and the data can predict the degree of the stroke, it may reduce wasting the medical resources and accelerate the hand function evaluation process.
Using data gloves designed by inertial measurement unit to collect the movement trajectories of patients, Lin et al. (2017) constructed three important physical features and Lin et al. (2019) constructed the features based on summary statistics. However, the data collected by the inertial measurement unit can have abnormal values when signals are disturbed. To avoid these abnormal data, this paper uses functional data analysis methods to smooth the data. Two basis functions including cubic smoothing splines and Fourier functions are used to fit the data. The corresponding coefficients are the constructed features. Using 5 classification methods, the proposed features are able to effectively classify the degree of the stroke, and also distinguish the effectiveness of sensors.